ABOUT our water

Surface vs. Groundwater

Surface Water vs. Groundwater

 

Surface Water

  • Rain water and runoff that accumulates in lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands on the earth’s surface.
  • Surface water can also come from groundwater.
  • Surface waters provide natural habitat for wildlife.
  • Serve as recreational space for the people of our community.
  • Surface water is interconnected with groundwater (our source of drinking water!)
Groundwater

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Groundwater

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Groundwater

  • Water that collects underground, filling cracks and spaces in layers of sand, gravel, and rock.
  • Layers of earth that hold enough groundwater to supply a well are referred to as “aquifers”.
  • Rain and snow runoff recharge the groundwater supply.
  • Pollutants can sometimes seep into the groundwater, making it unsafe to use.
  • Groundwater makes up nearly 50% of the drinking water in the State of Michigan.
  • Groundwater is used to irrigate crops and for a variety of industrial and business purposes.

Contact

Questions or comments about this web site, general comments or questions, or to report polluting activities: egpaul@battlecreekmi.gov

Battle Creek
Department of Public Works

269.966.3355

All messages sent to us by e-mail will be read by Battle Creek Department of Public Works personnel, who will forward it to the proper person or organization.

The Battle Creek Clean Water Partnership is the City of Battle Creek; the City of Springfield; the Calhoun County Water Resources Commissioner; the Calhoun County Road Department, the townships of Bedford, Emmett, Leroy, Newton, and Pennfield, the Hart-Dole-Inouye Federal Center, and Battle Creek Area Schools joining together with the common goal of protecting the waterways in our area.

Battle Creek Clean Water Partnership — Battle Creek Department of Public Works

269.966.3355